My Review Of Mountain Beam, A Fairbanks, Alaska WISP

In 2021, I was finally able to get “real” internet at my homestead.

A small internet company, called FAI5G at the time, had been operating around the Fairbanks area for a couple years at that point.  They largely serviced areas in town and those that could visibly see Moose Mountain or Ester Dome.

The company provided what are called WISP services, an acronym that means wireless internet service provider.

FAI5G was a pretty small outfit, but I thought it was great that they were providing internet services in our difficult to serve area.

I kept my eye on them, but I was clearly out of their service area at the time.

Well, they did a little bit of expansion in 2021, which happened to put one of their towers square in my sights.

TL;DR Mountain Beam Review

Lots of detail in this review, but if you’re short on time, here’s what I’d say in brevity:

The Good?

  • Good quality network
  • Competitively priced
  • Excellent customer service
  • Small, Alaska focused business
  • Excellent, public outage reporting

The Bad?

  • DIY install required in most cases
  • Low maximum speeds (40mbps)
  • Peered in San Jose, California, not Alaska

If you’re interested in my more detailed review of Mountain Beam, feel free to read on!

The Initial Experience With Mountain Beam

Mountain Beam doesn’t operate like most WISP businesses do.

It’s what I would describe as a peculiar company.  Not shady.  Not bad.  Peculiar.

They highly depend on customers being savvy enough to do their own self-surveys and self-installations.  In some cases they do provide assistance, but Mountain Beam is really just a one man show.

Now, myself being a network engineer, this was obviously right up my alley.  I could mount and sight in a long-distance antenna with zero difficulty.  I could also easily run my own cabling.

This is what my antenna looks like, fully installed.  Small, cute and unobtrusive.  It is hard wired into my home’s network point of presence.

This stuff isn’t rocket science and they do provide guides where even an inexperienced person would likely be able to figure it out.

I followed their guides, got my equipment up and contacted them to start service.  Response was very quick and I had internet in fairly short order.  I was literally their first customer on their shiny, brand new tower!

For me, it was a great experience.  I didn’t have to pay a bunch of installation fees, deal with scheduling or any of that nonsense.

Shortly after my installation, FAI5G rebranded to a company now called Mountain Beam.  I thought this was a smart move myself as FAI5G wasn’t exactly descriptive for an internet company and also confused cellular technology.

The Service Experience With Mountain Beam

Overall, my customer experience with them has been quite good.  I would describe the service as reliable and generally pretty stable.

There have been a LOT of outages, with the majority being power failure driven.  A few related to other kinds of problems,

That’s honestly kind of what I expect out here in the boonies.  It’s difficult to provide 99.99% reliability in the conditions that Fairbanks can sometimes bring.

Some of the outages are due to snowstorms and heavy rainfall.  At least where I’m at, they use a 60Ghz backhaul via Ubiquiti air fiber.  Those weather conditions can cause what is called “rain fade” with 60Ghz frequencies, or basically where the rain or snow interferes with signal transmission.

They do have 5Ghz backup technology, but it can be intermittent, especially when conditions vary a lot.  They have improved the failover technology significantly since day one of my service.

Their justification, and maybe rightfully so, is that Fairbanks is considered a subarctic desert.  But still, it rains and snows here, sometimes heavily.

Personally, I think the company’s persistence towards using public, unlicensed frequency spectrum as a backhaul presents an opportunity that can slightly degrade service.  There are ways to do it “right” and get into proper, licensed backhaul (like 11GHz) or fiber backhaul technologies that are much more immune to these problems.

These technologies could offer greater backhaul bandwidth and more reliability, but also require a “hefty” investment into FCC licensing or circuit purchasing requirements.

These things increase cost of network operation, so it might be worth it if Mountain Beam can continue to drive down connection prices.

Mountain Beam Speed & Latency

Most of the time, I get my rated speed for the plan in which I subscribe.  This includes during peak periods like evenings and weekends.

There have been times where I don’t get anything close to my rated speeds.  As usual, these speed fluctuations tend to follow heavy use periods, typically with the evenings and weekends being worse than other times.  This is somewhat common to see in WISP’s, there are simply limitations to the technology and business model.

Still, the internet service remains usable during these congested periods and it’s not highly noticeable.  No major video buffering, slow loading websites or other poor experiences during those periods.

Latency to the west coast of the lower 48 is typically around 60-80 milliseconds, pretty consistently.  East coast can easily exceed 120 milliseconds and sometimes suffers bad throughput due to poor upstream carrier peering.  (To be clear, these things are entirely outside of the control of the local provider, though.)

I monitor latency to Mountain Beam’s router at a resolution of 5 seconds.  Even over a week’s time, local latency rarely spikes that high.

As for packet loss, wireless networks are inherently lossy and some packets will get dropped.  This doesn’t usually affect anything.  Mountain Beam’s packet loss is well within the range of acceptable.

Packet loss rarely goes over 5%, even over a week’s period like shown in this graph.  This indicates there are no major issues with oversubscription or major link problems.

Mountain Beam is peered with AT&T and are thus traffic is backhauled from Alaska to the Lower-48 out of San Jose, California.  I would have preferred to see GCI and ACS level peering, providing direct access into Alaska and the Pacific Northwest.

That’s “bad” for some Alaskans, especially those working in-state, since it means local-to-Alaska traffic has to go down to the lower-48 and then all the way back.  (e.g. Your job’s VPN)  It’s likely you will not even notice it, though.

Despite these comments, Mountain Beam is fully capable of online gaming across the US.  (I don’t do a lot of that, so can’t really comment on the experience beyond the fact that it meets the requirements.)

Mountain Beam Additional Features & Outage Notification

When Mountain Beam initially started, they did not offer static IP addresses.  All traffic was NAT’d via their network.

They now offer static IP address, which is a huge plus for some types of customers.  Should you want to deliver public internet services out of your home/business network, you’ll need this.

If you don’t want a static IP at extra cost, you can choose “double NAT” or “single NAT” and different price levels  Honestly, this makes little sense as there’s little advantage or disadvantage to either.  I’d recommend the cheaper option, assuming you’re good with a NAT’d connection like most people will be.

Also, the general response to problems has been pretty quick.  They put up notices when they have extended troubles, which means they communicate well with their customers about problems.

Honestly, you’ll get nothing close to that kind of notification with companies like ACS or GCI.

Mountain Beam’s Customer Service Experience

I’ve had the opportunity to work with the owner several times since I signed up for service.  Again, Mountain Beam is a one man show.  The guy who operates the network is also the same guy who provides the customer service and answers your customer questions.

Honestly, the general customer service experience that I’ve received has been excellent.  I’d describe him as short, to the point but also very responsive.

He does expect you to have some knowledge of what you’re doing and have some basic ability to troubleshoot things.  He doesn’t want to be on the hook for troubleshooting your WiFi or your computer problems.

Understandably so, from my perspective.  He’s not exactly offering a general technical helpdesk service.  Some ISP’s might help you fix your computer’s network issues, but that’s not generally their problem.  And it’s not the experience you’ll get with Mountain Beam.

When you use Mountain Beam’s network, YOU own and operate your home antenna and also the cabling between the radio and your home network.  They facilitate access to your antenna’s diagnostics to assess connectivity.

Some people might not be able to work well with that kind of customer service experience.  If you’re technically inept, he’s not going to help you be less technically inept.

There are no “hours of operation” when it comes to his service.  I’ve had email replies at midnight and also in the wee hours of the morning.  I don’t know how or when the guy sleeps.

Mountain Beam Is Truly Open Internet

One of the measures I make with an ISP is whether they truly provide what I’d describe as an “open internet” policy.

If you’re familiar with the network neutrality discourse, this basically means that the provider isn’t selective about what types of services get good service versus those that will get less service.

My experience with Mountain Beam indicates the network is fully content neutral.  This means they don’t knock down speeds for certain things you do and allow higher speed for others.

This is especially important for me as I do a lot of work with encrypted communications and network protocols that a “normal user” wouldn’t use.  I’m not doing anything nefarious, it’s really just that I’m a privacy advocate and am personally interested in various forms of network communications.

Encrypted communications are often one of the “first things” that ISP’s that aren’t content neutral knock down.  Since they can’t see it, tear it apart and analyze it for what it is, carriers that don’t provide open internet often slow encrypted communications down.

In my opinion, this is one of the most favorable things when it comes to an ISP.  I don’t like my ISP’s looking at my traffic and deciding for me what I should and shouldn’t be doing at high speed.

The Controversies Of Mountain Beam

I won’t link to them here, but there has been at least one controversy in the Fairbanks community over the company.

It wasn’t a really bad thing.  It was just a poor handling of a customer service situation that could have been handled much better.

From my read, it was largely related to a misunderstanding about some billing & service costs that the company had at the time.  My guess is they’d received a lot of questions and confusion, maybe reaching a breaking point.

The company has since backed away from almost all of those “strange” policies since then, anyway.

I only bring it up because I’ve been pounded on social media for “defending” the company and its owner.  Some people won’t let it go.  So be it.  I live and let live.

On the scale of “doing good for the community” and “doing bad for the community,” Mountain Beam is much more oriented towards doing good.

My Critique Of Mountain Beam’s Pricing

The offerings from Mountain Beam have changed several times while I’ve been a customer.

I’ve seen some price increases.  And also major price reductions, by way of offering more service for the same amount of money.  The available plans have changed, too.

In the theme of “peculiar,” one thing I’d note is that pricing is not 100% static.  It’s not $99.99 (or whatever), every single month.  They use a mysterious cost of operation model, although admittedly the prices don’t fluctuate much.

Their lower end plans are incredibly affordable, probably some of the cheapest internet you can get in all of Fairbanks.  I love that they go this low, it’s great for anyone that needs to reduce expenses.  It’s also excellent as a backup connection if you have another ISP and want to protect yourself against failures.

For a long time, their highest tier plan (50mbps) was astonishingly out of line with the rest of their plan’s pricing.  It was $200/month for a mere 50mbps.

They have since eliminated that plan and now only offer 40mbps as their highest tier plan.  The pricing is in line with all the other plans.

I gather they will also work with you if you need a particular speed or an even higher speed plan.  There are often benefits to working with a small company, they are often willing to work with you to develop what you might need.

Mountain Beam vs. SpitwSpots

Recently, we’ve seen a fervor around Fairbanks with the Homer, Alaska based company, SpitwSpots starting to service the Fairbanks area.

Mountain Beam has a little bit of competition!  In my humble opinion, this is a good thing!

I’ve spent a fair bit of time reviewing SpitwSpots’ general network plan.  Since they are using licensed equipment, unlike Mountain Beam, one can review their entire network game plan.

However, should you be inclined to check out SpitwSpots, I’d strongly recommend you also read my review of their service.  I decided to give them a shot as their plans were “theoretically better” than Mountain Beam’s plans.

That turned out not to be the case and I’ve since fired SpitwSpots.  If you’re concerned about reliability, speed and customer service, my review will tell you everything you need to know.


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